DEFORESTATION – what is deforestation ?
INTRODUCTION As we all know that Deforestation is clearance or cutting or removal of a forest for human need . Forests cover about 30 percent of the planet’s land mass, but humans are cutting them down, clearing these essential habitats on a massive scale. What is deforestation? Find out the causes, effects, and solutions.
Deforestation in details
Human-driven and natural loss of trees—deforestation—affects wildlife, ecosystems, weather patterns, and even the climate.
As the world seeks to slow the pace of climate change, preserve wildlife, and support billions of people, trees inevitably hold a major part of the answer. Yet the mass destruction of trees—deforestation—continues, sacrificing the long-term benefits of standing trees for short-term gain.
Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area, but they are disappearing at an alarming rate. Between 1990 and 2016, the world lost 502,000 square miles (1.3 million square kilometers) of forest, according to the World Bank—an area larger than South Africa.
Deforestation can be done to convert the forest land into farms , industry, to make apartment , for farming purpose, for urbanization ,for making roads , railway track expansion,and many more .
Major Causes for deforestation :-
There are so many many causes due to which deforestation is happening in the entire world.
° agricultural development :- As the population is increasing day by day the need of food is also growing with it . Forest are cleared to covert it into the farming fields so that the need of the food can be delivered
Urbanization Is Causing Deforestation:
The populational shift that is leading people to move from rural areas to urban areas is also main causing of deforestation This urban growth will be the main reason for the deforestation across the world as cities become larger so they can host more people.
They challenge the natural boundaries This is one of the reasons why deforestation is happening
Industrialization:- Day by Day many more startups and industries are growing in india . And the major reason for deforestation is industrialization. Industries require a larger area for setup, which are not present in the cities and people move towards forest for the larger area to set up their companies
Effect of deforestation on nature or human life
Shortage of food in future:
Deforestation for Food May Lead to Food Insecurity in the Future
According to research all the land used for food production is moderately or severely impacted by soil erosion which is not good sign for nature .
In the long term, the lack of healthy, nutritious soil can lead to low yields and food insecurity.
Affects on Climate Change
Deforestation also has a very strong contribution to climate change. what’s worrying is that the destruction of these trees has two big negative side-effects.
Firstly, taking down trees means they’ll release back into the atmosphere the CO2 they were keeping. Secondly, fewer trees available means reducing the planet’s overall ability to capture and store CO2. Both these effects negatively contribute to the greenhouse effect and to climate change.
Effect on the water cycle: during transpiration, trees release soil water into the environment.
Thus cutting of them is decreasing the rate of water in the atmosphere. So clouds are not getting formed. As a result, the agricultural grounds are not receiving proper rainfall. Therefore it is indirectly affecting humans only
Soil erosion :it is One of the drastic effect of Deforestation
weakens and degrades the fertility of soil. Forested soils are usually not only richer on organic matter, but also more resistant to erosion, bad weather, and extreme weather events. This happens mainly because roots to help fix trees in the ground and the sun-blocking tree cover helps the soil to slowly dry out.
As a result, deforestation will probably mean the soil will become increasingly fragile, leaving the area more vulnerable to natural disasters such as landslides and floods happens every year.
Effect of deforestation on life of local people:-
Local people only have to make one of two choices. They can decide to abandon “their” land and migrate somewhere else, Or avoiding conflict the challenge of a new different life. Or they can stay and work for the other companies exploring it in remote plantations rather than getting unfair wages and working under very strict illegal conditions.
Increased Greenhouse Gases
the lack of trees also allows a greater amount of greenhouse gases to be released into the atmosphere. Healthy trees of forests absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, acting just like a valuable carbon filters. areas on which deforestation occurs lose the power and ability of Absorbing of carbon dioxide.
How the problem of Deforestation can be reduce
Banning Clear-Cutting of Forests
practically it will be a effective solution for this problem of deforestation and it’s very feasible solution.
Reforestation and deforestation
Thee cutting occurred during deforestation must be replaced by planting new young green trees to replace the older ones that were cut.
Important laws make by government
Deforestation should be limited across country. People have to follow strict law and guilines made by government. Educate other people
Still, there are so many people across the country are entirely unaware of the global warming problem what we’re actually facing. We have to Educate your friends, family, and community by sharing the deforestation facts, and its causes and effects.
Stop wasting paper
Buy recycled products and then recycle them again.Plant more and more green trees as you can. Stop using Palm Oil or products with Palm Oil.
Proper planning for using land -Cities and urban centers continue to grow day after day as more and more people claim their share of living in cities and the urban areas.
Agricultural practices also continue to expand as farmers and consumer demands call for better productivity and quality food products respectively.
Therefore, we must all come together to stop this from happening and saving our earth as well as our lives. Humans must not be so selfish so as to make other animals homeless to shelter themselves. We must not damage our vegetation to create a beautiful garden for ourselves.
Burn the forests if you will, but you will only scorch your own lungs.