Pronoun with definition and example
Def:- Pronoun is a word that comes at the place of a noun in a sentence. OrP
ronoun is a word that comes instead of a noun in a sentence.
Pronoun is a replacing word.
Ex:-Raju is a boy and he is a smart.
Note:-Pronoun शब्द का जन्म Latin भाषा के pronoun से हुआ है।
Pro – के स्थान पर
Noun – noun के बदले (संज्ञा के स्थान पर )
Kinds of Pronoun
- Personal Pronoun
- Demonstrative pronoun
- Distributive pronoun
- Reflexive pronoun
- Emphatic pronoun
- Relative pronoun
- Reciprocal pronoun
- Possessive pronoun
- Interrogative pronoun
the person (1st,2nd,&3rd person are called personal pronoun.
1st person:-Speaker is called 1st person .(I,We)
2nd person:-Listener is called 2nd person. (You)
3rd person:-The rest will be called 3rd person.
Ex:-He is calling you.
(2)Demonstrative:-A noun which comes at the place of a noun is called demonstrative pronoun.
Note:-This/That/Those/ These/D.P है।
Ex:-This is my car.
That is my house.
(3)Distributive pronoun:- A sentence which is used to show noun by distributing it.(
वैसा pronoun जो Noun काे बाट – बाट कर दर्शाता है उसे distributive pronoun कहते है।)
Note:-Each/either/Neither/every काे distributive pronoun कहते है।
Rule:-ये सभी singular हाेते है और अपने साथ singular helping verb लेते है।E
x:- Each are happy. (×)
Each is happy.(√)
:- यदि इनके बाद काेइ preposition रहे फिर भी ये singular हाेता है अाैर अपने बाद singular helping verb लेते है।
Ex:-तुममें से हर काेइ व्यस्त है।
Each of you is busy.
(4)Reflexive pronoun- जिसमें self/ selves लगा हाेता है उसे reflexive pronoun कहते है।
Ex:- उसने खुद काे मार डाला।
He killed himself.
5) Emphatic pronoun:- जब himself/myself/themselves/ourselves/yourself ठीक subject के बाद हो इन्हें emphatic pronoun कहते है।
Ex:-He himself killed.
She herself ruined.
Note:-इसका प्रयोग कभी भी subject के रूप में नहीं हो सकता
Ex:-Ex:-Myself is Nisha(×)
I myself am Nisha Raj.(√)
(6)Relative pronoun:- A pronoun which shows relation in a sentence and connect two sentences is called relative pronoun.
Note:- Who/which/that/whose/ काे relative pronoun कहते है।
Ex:-ये वो लड़के है जो कल आये थे।
This is the boy who come yesterday.
Ex:-This is the house which was built by me.
Ex:-This is the plant that I planted in my childhood.
(7)Reciprocal pronoun :- Each other/ one another को reciprocal pronoun करते है।
Note:- Each other का प्रयोग दो व्यक्ति या वस्तु के लिए हाेता है।
One another का प्रयोग दो से अधिक व्यक्ति या वस्तु के लिए हाेता है।
Ex:-Raju & Sana help eachother.
Ramu,Ranjan,and Amisha help one another.
(8)Possessive pronoun:-All the possessive cases are called possessive pronoun.
Note:-My/your/his/her/their/our etc possessive pronoun है।
Ex:-It is my car
(9)Interrogative pronoun:-Which comes at the place of a noun & ask a question is called interrogative pronoun.
Note:- All the Wh-Question are also called interrogative pronoun.
Ex:-Whose car is it?